What Is Major Osteoporotic?

What does osteoporotic mean?

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture.

Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.

Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced..

WHO FRAX 10 year osteoporotic fracture probability?

Introduction: We determined the agreement between a FRAX designation of high risk of fracture [defined as 10-year major osteoporotic fracture probability (≥ 20%) or hip fracture probability (≥ 3%)] and the WHO categorizations of bone mineral density according to T-score.

What is the T score for severe osteoporosis?

A T-score of −2.5 or lower indicates that you have osteoporosis. The greater the negative number, the more severe the osteoporosis. Bone density is within 1 SD (+1 or −1) of the young adult mean. Bone density is between 1 and 2.5 SD below the young adult mean (−1 to −2.5 SD).

What is the safest osteoporosis drug?

Which osteoporosis medications are usually tried first?Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill.Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.Ibandronate (Boniva), a monthly pill or quarterly intravenous (IV) infusion.Zoledronic acid (Reclast), an annual IV infusion.

What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

Foods to limit or avoidHigh-salt foods. Excess salt consumption can cause your body to release calcium, which is harmful to your bones. … Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss. … Beans/legumes. … Wheat bran. … Excess vitamin A. … Caffeine.

What is considered a high FRAX score?

A FRAX score of more than 5 percent for a hip fracture, at age 70 and beyond, means you should consider treatment along with lifestyle changes.

What FRAX score do you treat?

The current National Osteoporosis Foundation Guide recommends treating patients with FRAX 10-year risk scores of > or = 3% for hip fracture or > or = 20% for major osteoporotic fracture, to reduce their fracture risk.

What is the most common osteoporotic fracture?

Fractures caused by osteoporosis most often occur in the spine. These spinal fractures — called vertebral compression fractures — occur in nearly 700,000 patients each year. They are almost twice as common as other fractures typically linked to osteoporosis, such as broken hips and wrists.

Will osteoporosis shorten my life?

Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60.

What is high risk for fracture?

Patients with a single fracture are considered to be potentially high risk if they have additional major risk factors (e.g. frequent falls [more than 3 per year]), are elderly, or have a very low bone mass, among other factors. Very low bone mass (T score lower than −3 or −3.5).

Who osteoporosis BMD?

Osteoporosis has been operationally defined on the basis of bone mineral density (BMD) assessment. According to the WHO criteria, osteoporosis is defined as a BMD that lies 2.5 standard deviations or more below the average value for young healthy women (a T-score of <-2.5 SD) (1,6).

What is considered high risk osteoporosis?

Women over the age of 50 are the most likely people to develop osteoporosis. The condition is 4 times as likely in women than men. Women’s lighter, thinner bones and longer life spans are part of the reason they have a higher risk.