What Is Distal Muscular Dystrophy?

Does exercise help muscular dystrophy?

There are different types of muscular dystrophy and the severity of the condition can vary greatly from one patient to another.

There are many MD patients who cannot partake in physical exercise, but for others, engaging in an exercise routine can help improve muscle tone and increase overall fitness and health..

What is the prognosis for patients diagnosed with distal muscular dystrophy?

The prognosis for people with MD varies according to the type and progression of the disorder. Some cases may be mild and progress very slowly over a normal lifespan, while others produce severe muscle weakness, functional disability, and loss of the ability to walk.

What causes distal muscular dystrophy?

Most commonly, missing or defective proteins in the muscles prevent muscle cells from working properly, leading to symptoms of muscular dystrophy, including muscle weakness and wasting over time. The different types of DD are caused by many genetic defects, not all of which are yet known.

What is the incidence of distal muscular dystrophy?

Welander distal myopathy occurs with greater frequency in Sweden where the prevalence is estimated to be 1 in 1,000 individuals. Approximately 220 cases of IBM2 have been identified in the medical literature. The muscular dystrophies as a whole are estimated to affect 250,000 individuals in the United States.

Who gets distal muscular dystrophy?

DD usually appears between ages 40 and 60. But it can sometimes show up as early as the teenage years. DD affects both men and women.

Can you develop muscular dystrophy later in life?

Muscular dystrophy occurs in both sexes and in all ages and races. However, the most common variety, Duchenne, usually occurs in young boys. People with a family history of muscular dystrophy are at higher risk of developing the disease or passing it on to their children.

What is the best treatment for muscular dystrophy?

TherapyRange-of-motion and stretching exercises. Muscular dystrophy can restrict the flexibility and mobility of joints. … Exercise. Low-impact aerobic exercise, such as walking and swimming, can help maintain strength, mobility and general health. … Braces. … Mobility aids. … Breathing assistance.

What are the symptoms of distal muscular dystrophy?

Typically, the first symptom of distal muscular dystrophy (DD) is weakness in the distal muscles — those farthest away from the hips and shoulders such as those in the hands, feet, lower arms or lower legs. With time, other muscle groups may become affected as well. Intellect isn’t affected in this disease.

What is the life expectancy for someone with muscular dystrophy?

Until recently, children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) did not often live beyond their teens. However, improvements in cardiac and respiratory care mean that life expectancy is increasing, with many DMD patients reaching their 30s, and some living into their 40s and 50s.

What is the most common neuromuscular disease?

The most common of these diseases is myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease where the immune system produces antibodies that attach themselves to the neuromuscular junction and prevent transmission of the nerve impulse to the muscle.

Can you get muscular dystrophy in your 50s?

It can affect anyone from teenagers to adults in their 40s. Distal muscular dystrophy affects the muscles of the arms, legs, hands, and feet. It usually comes on later in life, between ages 40 and 60. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy starts in a person’s 40s or 50s.

What parts of the body does muscular dystrophy affect?

The disease causes muscle weakness and also affects the central nervous system, heart, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, and hormone-producing glands. In most cases, daily living isn’t restricted for many years. Those with myotonic MD have a decreased life expectancy.