What Are The Five Basic Principles For Infection Control?

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids..

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What is infection control and what are your responsibilities?

It means preventing and controlling illnesses that can be spread in the health-care. setting. The purpose of infection prevention and control is to identify and reduce. the risk of infections among patients, employees, medical staff members, contract.

Does pus have a smell?

Your body often produces it when it’s fighting off an infection, especially infections caused by bacteria. Depending on the location and type of infection, pus can be many colors, including white, yellow, green, and brown. While it sometimes has a foul smell, it can also be odorless.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection control principles and practices for local health agenciesStandard Precautions.Hand Hygiene.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention.Cleaning and Disinfection.Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)Waste Disposal.Safe Injection Practices.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What is the first step in infection control?

The first step in infection control is hand hygiene.

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

Which form of hepatitis is most difficult to kill?

About Bleach The hepatitis virus is hardier than HIV and is harder to destroy. Bleaching for at least 2 minutes is probably necessary in order to kill the hepatitis C virus, but studies have not yet been done to prove this.