Quick Answer: What Is Muscle Compartment Syndrome?

How do you treat compartment syndrome?

The only option to treat acute compartment syndrome is surgery.

The procedure, called a fasciotomy, involves a surgeon cutting open the skin and the fascia to relieve the pressure.

Options to treat chronic compartment syndrome include physiotherapy, shoe inserts, and anti-inflammatory medications..

How long does it take for compartment syndrome to heal?

Complete recovery from compartment syndrome typically takes three or four months.

Do compression socks help with compartment syndrome?

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is the result of increased pressure in one or more of the 4 compartments in each lower leg. Since the basic problem is increase in muscle compartment pressures, compression stockings will likely not help with your symptoms.

What are the 5 P’s of compartment syndrome?

Common Signs and Symptoms: The “5 P’s” are oftentimes associated with compartment syndrome: pain, pallor (pale skin tone), paresthesia (numbness feeling), pulselessness (faint pulse) and paralysis (weakness with movements). Numbness, tingling, or pain may be present in the entire lower leg and foot.

How do you get compartment syndrome?

Acute compartment syndrome usually develops after a severe injury, such as a car accident or a broken bone. Rarely, it develops after a relatively minor injury. Conditions that may bring on acute compartment syndrome include: A fracture.

What happens if compartment syndrome is not treated?

Compartment syndrome can develop when there’s bleeding or swelling within a compartment. This can cause pressure to build up inside the compartment, which can prevent blood flow. It can cause permanent damage if left untreated, as the muscles and nerves won’t get the nutrients and oxygen they need.

Can compartment syndrome go away by itself?

To diagnose chronic compartment syndrome your doctor will measure the pressures in your compartment, after ruling out other conditions like tendinitis or a stress fracture. This condition can resolve itself after discontinuing activity.

Can you permanently damage a muscle?

Some potentially permanent consequences include chronic numbness, chronic pain, limited mobility, loss of function, and limited muscle strength. There are initial signs your injury may be catastrophic, including: You heard a “crack” or “pop” at the time of the accident.

What is a muscle compartment?

A well-defined region that contains a group of muscles within a particular segment of the body. For example, the lower leg contains four muscle compartments: the anterior compartment, lateral compartment, posterior deep leg compartment, and posterior superficial compartment. See also compartment syndrome.

What is the hallmark sign of compartment syndrome?

There are five characteristic signs and symptoms related to acute compartment syndrome: pain, paraesthesia (reduced sensation), paralysis, pallor, and pulselessness. Pain and paresthesia are the early symptoms of compartment syndrome.

How long does it take for compartment syndrome to develop?

Acute compartment syndrome typically occurs within a few hours of inciting trauma. However, it can present up to 48 hours after. The earliest objective physical finding is the tense, or ”wood-like” feeling of the involved compartment. Pain is typically severe, out of proportion to the injury.

Who is at risk for compartment syndrome?

Although people of any age can develop chronic exertional compartment syndrome, the condition is most common in male and female athletes under age 30. Type of exercise. Repetitive impact activity — such as running — increases your risk of developing the condition. Overtraining.

What happens in compartment syndrome?

Compartment syndrome occurs when excessive pressure builds up inside an enclosed muscle space in the body. Compartment syndrome usually results from bleeding or swelling after an injury. The dangerously high pressure in compartment syndrome impedes the flow of blood to and from the affected tissues.

What are the two types of compartment syndrome?

There are two types of compartment syndrome: acute and chronic.

Why do you not elevate with compartment syndrome?

If a developing compartment syndrome is suspected, place the affected limb or limbs at the level of the heart. Elevation is contraindicated because it decreases arterial flow and narrows the arterial-venous pressure gradient.